义爨 礤耱圉桀磬痦 汔祆 桉蝾黜桕 锐耠邃钼囗桢 桉蝾黜桕钼 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐.

妙. 疱汨耱疣鲨 01.20.03 03439

 

畜觐忸滂蝈朦: .... 惕蝠铘囗钼 .., 蝈.: 333-3489, E-mail: imitrofa@space.ru

 

朽琊噌铗赅 耱囹桉蜩麇耜桴 戾蝾漕 桉耠邃钼囗 沭箫 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 潆 篑蜞眍怆屙 钺 玎觐眍戾痦铖蝈 耧尻蝠嚯-怵屐屙眍 镥疱戾眄铖蜩 桤塍麇龛 怦镫羼觐 (铗. 桉镱腠栩咫 ..惕蝠铘囗钼)

锑蝈爨蜩麇耜铄 祛溴腓痤忄龛 疋铋耱 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 镳 镥疱躅溴 铗 沭箫 耦猁蜩 犷朦 桧蝈眈桠眍耱 沭箫镟 耠噌 耦猁蜩, 篑蜞眍怆屙 耔耱屐囹梓羼觇 翦牝 桤戾礤龛 镳钿铍骅蝈朦眍耱 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 桴 耧尻蝠嚯铋 驽耱觐耱 镳 箪屙屙梃 桧蝈眈桠眍耱.

牋牋牋牋牋 绣珞朦蜞螓 桉耠邃钼囗栝 镳邃耱噔脲睇 疣玟咫 耱囹 [1] 铊耜 忮痤蝽铖蝽 觌囫耔翳赅鲨 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 晾已 漯筱桴 蝠囗玷弪睇 耦猁蜩 镳钿铍骅蝈朦眍耱 犷脲 2 皴 镱蝾觐 桤塍麇龛 犷脲 0.15 纛/耢2皴昊

 

如篦屙桢 耱囹桉蜩麇耜桴 疋铋耱 耠噌 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 镱 溧眄 镳栳铕 晾已 钺皴疴囹铕梃 屠牙 铎矧铐 (铗. 锐镱腠栩咫 .... ..髓蜮嚓)

项耱痤屙 耱囹桉蜩麇耜桢 疣耧疱溴脲龛 镟疣戾蝠钼 镳邃咫 耠噌 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 镱 溧眄 耧屦桁屙蜞 晾已, 恹镱腠屙 铞屙赅 蝈祜 沐礤疣鲨 耠噌 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 忉腓玷 翳玷麇耜钽 镱痤汔 黧怦蜮栩咫铖蜩 镳栳铕 晾已 磬 箴钼礤 0.15 纛/耢2皴.

牋牋牋牋牋 绣珞朦蜞螓 桉耠邃钼囗栝 镳邃耱噔脲睇 疣玟咫 耱囹 [1] 铊耜 忮痤蝽铖蝽 觌囫耔翳赅鲨 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 晾已 漯筱桴 蝠囗玷弪睇 耦猁蜩 镳钿铍骅蝈朦眍耱 犷脲 2 皴 镱蝾觐 桤塍麇龛 犷脲 0.15 纛/耢2皴昊.

 

如篦屙桢 汔豚牝梓羼觇 蝠囗玷屙蝽 桉蝾黜桕钼 汴钽 汔祆-桤塍麇龛 忉腓玷 翳玷麇耜钽 镱痤汔 疱汨耱疣鲨 镳栳铕 晾已 钺皴疴囹铕梃 屠牙 铎矧铐 (铗. 锐镱腠栩咫 .... ..暑琨疱).

项耱痤屙 耱囹桉蜩麇耜桢 疣耧疱溴脲龛 镟疣戾蝠钼 耠噌 耦猁蜩 铗 蝠囗玷屙蝽 桉蝾黜桕钼 隋徨潼 -1 漯. 铗 桉蝾黜桕钼 觌囫襦 SGR. 吾磬痼驽眍 犷朦 麒耠 眍恹 疣礤 礤桤忮耱睇 怦稃 铗 桴 桉蝾黜桕钼.

牋牋牋牋牋 绣珞朦蜞螓 桉耠邃钼囗栝 镳邃耱噔脲睇 疣玟咫 耱囹 [1] 铊耜 忮痤蝽铖蝽 觌囫耔翳赅鲨 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 晾已 漯筱桴 蝠囗玷弪睇 耦猁蜩 镳钿铍骅蝈朦眍耱 犷脲 2 皴 镱蝾觐 桤塍麇龛 犷脲 0.15 纛/耢2皴昊.

 

项桉 磬犭屙 疣眄邈 镱耠羼忮麇龛 桉蝾黜桕钼 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐: 镳钼邃屙桢 钿眍怵屐屙睇 磬犭屙栝 镱 琊屙 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆- 疱眚沐眍怦觇 蝈脲耜铒钼 Swift HETE-2 镱祛 耧弼栲腓玷痤忄眄钽 镳栳铕眍泐 觐祜脲犟; 镳钼邃屙 钺珙痤 礤徉 潆 钺磬痼驽龛 觐痤蜿桴 礤 铗铈溴耱怆屙睇 铒蜩麇耜桴 蝠囗玷屙蝾. 橡钼邃屙桢 铒屦囹桠睇 钺疣犷蜿 磬犭屙栝 钺豚耱彘 腩赅腓玎鲨 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 磬 铒蜩麇耜桴 疣滂 蝈脲耜铒圊 皴蜩 痤耨栝耜桴 玎痼徨骓  钺皴疴囹铕栝 永晕, 填礓, 锑殇囗嚓, 义瘃觐, 署牢 (铗. 桉镱腠栩咫 .... ..项玎礤黻)

橡钼钿桦 镱桉 磬犭屙 镱耠羼忮麇龛 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 铒蜩麇耜铎 滂囡噻铐 磬 痤耨栝耜桴 玎痼徨骓 蝈脲耜铒圊 皴蜩 磬犭屙 玎 汔祆-怦镫羼赅扈, 觐铕滂龛痼屐 仁 欣: 40耢 囫蝠钽疣 (玉耋痂轳赅 礼蝠铘桤梓羼赅 钺皴疴囹铕), 狼-33(妊窃), 狼-22 (锑殇囗嚓, 软耱栩篁 礼蝠铐铎梃 隅. 劳), -2000, -600 (.义瘃觐, 韧姥劳), -600 (腿 舷 盐 鲤觖), -380, -600, 酪-64, 且 (署牢), 蜞赕 磬 蝈脲耜铒圊 NOT CFHT 镱 玎怅囔. 泥眄 皴螯 镱玮铍弪 镱塍鬣螯 溧眄 镱耠羼忮麇龛 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 蝈麇龛 潆栩咫钽 怵屐屙, .. 皴螯 礤镳屦眍 镥疱牮噱 110 沭噤篑钼 镱 漕脬铗. 朽犷螓 镳钼钿桦桉 耦忪羼蝽 署牢, 软耱栩篁铎 礼蝠铐铎梃 隅徨觇耱囗, 翳腓嚯 腿 舷 盐 瘐, 永晕 穆 欣, 妊窃 欣, 韧姥劳. 碾 耦猁蜩 GRB060111b 磬 蝈脲耜铒 且 猁 磬殇屙 忸珈铈睇 镳桤磬 疋屦蹴钼铋 磬 牮桠铋 犭羼赅 镱腩皴 R. 软纛痨圉 镳钼屦弪. 橡钼钿桦 耔耱屐囹梓羼觇 镱桉 躅耱-汔豚牝桕 - 潆 耠邃簋 耦猁蜩 猁腓 镳钼邃屙 镱桉觇 踵疣牝屦睇 镳邃咫 镳铐桷囗桢 24.5m 镱腩皴 R: GRB051008, GRB060111b, GRB060124, GRB060605, GRB060714, GRB061019. 袜殇屙 桉耠邃钼囗 躅耱-汔豚牝桕 潆 GRB051008 (囫蝠铎弪痂, 痤觐镱腩耥 纛蝾戾蝠), GRB060111b (囫蝠铎弪痂, 痤觐镱腩耥 纛蝾戾蝠, 耧尻蝠铖觐镨) GRB060605 (囫蝠铎弪痂). 亦赕 猁腩 玎疱汨耱痂痤忄眍 13 镱耠羼忮麇龛 铒蜩麇耜铎 滂囡噻铐 镱塍麇睇 忮瘐龛 镳邃咫 潆 12- 汔祆-怦镫羼觐.牋牋 橡钼邃屙 箜桕嚯铄 磬犭屙桢 疣眄邈 铒蜩麇耜钽 镱耠羼忮麇龛 溻篚镱腩襦 B,R (铗 63 扈眢 镱耠 磬鬣豚 怦镫羼赅 漕 2 鬣耦) GRB060714 (z=2.71) 疱珞朦蜞螓 钺疣犷蜿 磬犭屙 镱玮铍桦 溧螯 镳邃咫 磬 忸珈铈眢 耧尻蝠嚯簋 铍棹 磬鬣朦眍 羿珏 镱耠羼忮麇龛.

 

吾疣犷蜿 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 玎疱汨耱痂痤忄眄 耧屦桁屙蝈 张湍 磬 犷痱 觐耢梓羼觐泐 囡镟疣蜞 囵 武桉皴榛, 镥疱溧鬣 溧眄 钺 钺磬痼驽眄 耦猁蜩 戾驿箜囵钿睇 鲥眚瘥 潆 耦忪羼蝽铋 钺疣犷蜿 溧眄 漯筱桴 觐耢梓羼觇 囡镟疣蝾 潆 铒屦囹桠眍泐 铒疱溴脲龛 戾蝾漕 戾骘豚礤蝽铋 蝠栲磴箅鲨 礤徨耥 觐铕滂磬 桉蝾黜桕钼 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐. (铗. 桉镱腠栩咫 .... .. 燕龛).

袜 铖眍忮 溧眄 桤戾疱龛 觐耢梓羼觇 镳栳铕钼 张湍 磬 犷痱 戾骘豚礤蝽钽 囡镟疣蜞 屠牙 囵 武桉皴榛 镳钼钿桦囫 铒屦囹桠磬 腩赅腓玎鲨 眍恹 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 戾蝾漕 戾骘豚礤蝽铋 蝠栲磴箅鲨.

项 疱珞朦蜞蜞 桉耠邃钼囗栝 眍恹 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 镳栳铕铎 张湍 2001-2005 泐溧 铒筢腓觐忄磬 耱囹 [2] 囵 武桉皴 篦囹疋箦 蝠弪 戾骘豚礤蝽铋 皴蜩, 磬 铖眍忮 钺疣犷蜿 溧眄 镳栳铕 2006 泐潴 疣珙耠囗 6 耦钺龛 鲨痍箅疣 皴蜩 GCN (The GRB Coordinates Network, [3]).

 

羊囹桉蜩麇耜铄  桉耠邃钼囗桢 疋铋耱 镥疱戾眄铖蜩 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 磬 徉珏 溧眄 耧屦桁屙蝾 Swift, 晾已, 耘劣, HETE-2 (铗. 桉镱腠栩咫 .... ..项玎礤黻)

铒疱溴脲龛 忸珈铈眍 疋玷 觐痤蜿桴 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 桉蝾黜桕钼 蜩镟 SGR 恹镱腠屙 镱桉 觐沐疱眚眍泐 桤塍麇龛 溧眄 耧屦桁屙蜞 暑眢-妈礓潆 觐痤蜿桴 怦镫羼觐 - 磬腓麒 蜞觐泐 桤塍麇龛祛汶 猁 箨噻囹 磬 疋琰怦镫羼觐 镱矬鲨彘 桉蝾黜桕钼 SGRs.碾 矬犭梓眍 漕耱箫睇 溧眄 耧屦桁屙蜞 暑眢-妈礓, 钽疣龛麒忄桴 牮桠簋 犭羼赅 98 皴, 镱塍麇 忮瘐龛 镳邃咫 磬 忸珈铈睇 矬朦襦鲨, 黩 钽疣龛麒忄弪 觐腓麇耱忸 桉蝾黜桕钼 SGR 耩邃 镱矬鲨 觐痤蜿桴 怦镫羼觐 10%. 蔓镱腠屙 镱桉 桤猁蜿 犭桤觇 汔豚牝桕 IPN/BATSE 钺豚耱 腩赅腓玎鲨 觐痱觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐. 袜殇屙睇 桤猁蝾 钽疣龛麒忄弪 踵疣牝屦眍 疣耨蝾龛 (z<0.5) 漕 桉蝾黜桕钼 觐痤蜿桴 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 桤 赅蜞腩汔 BATSE.

袜鬣腩 觐耢梓羼觐泐 耧屦桁屙蜞 彝柾彘蝠铐 磬 犷痱 淌 镱 疱汨耱疣鲨 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觐 耦腠鬻睇 怦稃 (铗. 桉镱腠栩咫 ..茵弪觐)

橡钼邃屙 镱腠 鲨觌 磬珏祉铋 铗疣犷蜿 磬篦眍 囡镟疣蝮瘥 烈-1 耧屦桁屙蜞 彝-湾轵痤砘 磬 觐耢脲犟眍 桉稃蜞蝈朦眍 耱屙溴 淌 惺 礤疸 桁. ..暑痤脲忄, 囡镟疣蝮疣 烈-1漕耱噔脲磬 潆 磬 犷痱 淌, 镳铊聃钿栩 篑蜞眍怅 蝈耱钼 铗疣犷蜿 囡镟疣蝮瘥 磬 犷痱 淌.

 

襄瘃镥牝桠磬 疣琊噌铗赅 觐耢梓羼觐 祉钽铘箜牿桀磬朦眍 铒蜩麇耜铋 赅戾瘥 潆 钺磬痼驽龛 铒蜩麇耜桴 蝠囗玷屙蝾. 蒡囡 1. 填溴腓痤忄龛 磬 铖眍忮 玮彗漤 溧蝼桕钼, 疣琊噌铗赅 衔 (铗. 桉镱腠栩咫 .... ..项玎礤黻).

橡钿铍驽磬 耧塍囹圉 噔蝾爨蜩玷痤忄眄钽 磬珏祉钽 觐祜脲犟 潆 痤觐镱朦睇 铒蜩麇耜桴 钺珙痤, 镱桉赅 猁耱瘥 铒蜩麇耜桴 蝠囗玷屙蝾, 钺磬痼驽龛 铒蜩麇耜钽 桤塍麇龛 耦镳钼铈溧邈 觐耢梓羼觇 汔祆-怦镫羼觇 镱桉赅/篁铟礤龛 铕徼 蝈蹴钽屙眍泐 觐耢梓羼觐泐 祗耦疣. 项 疱珞朦蜞蜞 磬犭屙栝 篁铟礤 觐眈屦忄蜩忭 忮瘐龛 镳邃咫 磬 鬣耱铗 镱怆屙 汔祆-怦镫羼觐-桊铗 (怦镫羼觐, 礤 耦镳钼铈溧桴 磬犭噱禧 桤塍麇龛屐 汔祆 滂囡噻铐). 橡钼邃屙 漕疣犷蜿 衔 觐祜脲犟 磬鬣螓耔眭痤眄 磬犭屙 觐耢梓羼觇 囡镟疣蝾 Swift. 橡钼邃屙 蝈耱钼 磬犭屙 桁栩桊簋 疣犷蝮 玮彗漤钽溧蝼桕 疣珉梓睇 疱骅爨 耱噌桦桤圉梃 世. 橡钼邃屙 漕疣犷蜿 衔 氢彗漤钽 溧蝼桕 镫囹纛痨 杨腠鬻睇 相痼 潆 钺磬痼驽龛 玎镨耔 痍桴 铒蜩麇耜桴 蝠囗玷屙蝾. 朽犷螓 镳钼钿桦桉 镳 鬣耱梓眍 镱滗屦骊 沭囗蜞 屦耧尻蜩忄 仁 欣.

象犭桕圉梃 2006 泐溧 镱 蝈戾:

[1] Mitrofanov I. et al., 揝earch and Probabalistic Classification of BATSE GRBs and Another Transient Events with Duration >2 sec and Peak Flux > 0.15 photons cm-2s-1 , Astrophys. J., in press, 2006.

 

[2] Hurley, K., Mitrofanov et al., 揗ars Odyssey Joins the Third Interplanetary Network: Astrophys. J. Suupliment, v.164, p.124, 2006.

 

[3] GCN Circulars 4762, 5030, 5039, 5067, 5407, 5416

 

[4] J. Sollerman, J. P. U. Fynbo, J. Gorosabel, J. P. Halpern, J. Hjorth, P. Jakobsson, N. Mirabal, D. Watson1, D.Xu, A. J. Castro-Tirado, T. Davis1, C. F´eron, A. Jaunsen, M. Jel´ınek, B. L. Jensen, D. A. Kann, J.E. Ovaldsen, A. Pozanenko, M. Stritzinger, C. C. Th¨one, A. de Ugarte Postigo, S. Guziy, M. Ibrahimov, S. P. J¨arvinen, A. Levan, V. Rumyantsev, and N. Tanvir. 揟he nature of the X-Ray Flash of August 24 2005, submitted to Astronomy and Astrophysics.

 

[5] Watson, D.; Fynbo, J. P. U.; Ledoux, C.; Vreeswijk, P.; Hjorth, J.; Aoki, K.; Augusteijn, T.; Beardmore, A. P.; Bersier, D.; Castro Cerón, J. M.; D'Avanzo, P.; Diaz-Fraile, D.; Hirst, P.; Jakobsson, P.; Jensen, B. L.; Kawai, N.; Kosugi, G.; Levan, A.; Masegosa, J.; Näränen, J.; Page, K. L.; Pedersen, K.; Pozanenko, A.; Reeves, J. N.; Rumyantsev, V.; Shahbaz, T.; Sharapov, D.; Smette, A.; Sollerman, J.; Starling, R. L. C.; Tanvir, N.; Torstensson, K.; Wiersema, K., 揂 log N(HI) = 22.5 DLA in a dark gamma-ray burst: the environment of GRB 050401 , Astrophys.J. 652 (2006) 1011-1019.

 

[6] .项玎礤黻 .畜眦邂, . 柔疣汨祛 .相怆屙觐, .鹏桁钼, .彦疸邋忄, .彦疸邋, .理蝾睨, .理蝾睨, . 体痍箅钼, .橡桁嚓, .仉镯桕钼, . 拎觌囗钼 .凌瘙觐, .念痤黻, .祟珥桕钼. 剜疣镱 .铃耜桧, 如忮耱 署牢, .103, (2006)

 

[7] .. 项玎礤黻, .. 髓镟蝾, .. 青踵痍桧, .. 祟珥桕钼, .. 畜眦邂. 罔痤觐筱铍 玮彗漤 溧蝼桕 镳铗铗栾 赅戾瘥 潆 钺磬痼驽龛 铒蜩麇耜桴 蝠囗玷屙蝾. 蔓彗漤铋 皴扈磬 仁 欣, 亦痼襦 2006.

 

[8] A. Pozanenko, V. Rumyantsev, M. Ibrahimov, E. Pavlenko, Yu. Efimov, D. Sharapov, V. Goransky, E.Barsukova, M. Andreev, K. Antonuk, O. Antonuk, I. Asfandiyarov, G.Beskin, V. Biryukov, S. Bondar, V. Doroshenko, G. Kornienko, V. Loznikov, N. Merkulova, E. Sergeeva, S. Sergeev. Observation of optical GRB afterglow with CIS network in 2002-2005. The 6th INTEGRAL Workshop, Moscow, 2006.

 

[9] 项溷铗钼脲眍 疣珙耠囗 38 耦钺龛 鲨痍箅疣 皴蜩 GCN (The GRB Coordinates Network).